New Lessons #1 (Mixed lesson)

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New Lessons #1 (Mixed lesson)

Post  Nyuka on Wed Dec 05, 2007 9:31 pm

I also teach myself, so things might get a little messy.. That is only in this lesson though. In the next lessons everything is nicely in order and it has 3 excersizes at the complete end. When I read and wrote these lessons I was perfectly able to make those excersizes all by myself. So I think you will too.

I hope I made it easier to understand then on the website(s) I got it from ^__^'l..

There we go
----------------------------
New Lesson #1
HOW TO FORM SENTENCES

The Japanese have a different structure in their sentences:
subject/object/verb
Tanaka-san wa ringo o tabemasu

Mr. Tanaka apple eat

Why is it not 'Tanaka-san apple eats'? Because the Japanese do not change their verbs to the person. Like:
'I eat'
'He eats'
'We eat'

They do know present and past time.

Another example:
subject/object/verb
Tom-san wa terebi o mimashita

Mr. Tom TV watched.

When you want to ask a question, you add 'ka'.
Tanaka-san wa ringo o tabemasu ka.
Does Mr. Tanaka eat an apple?

Tom-san wa terebi o mimashita ka.
Did Mr. Tom watch TV?


GREETINGS AND GOODBYES
9:00 Ohayou gozaimasu (Good morning)
14:00 Konnichiwa (Hello/Good afternoon)
21:00 Konbanwa (Good evening)
Oyasumi nasai (Good night -when going to bed-)

Sayonara/Sayounara
Goodbye

Dewa mata
See you later

Ittekimasu
I'm leaving! (for example, when going to school)

Itterasshai
Have a safe trip/Come back safely (for example, what your mother says to you when you leave for school)

Mata ashita
See you tomorrow

Mata raishuu
See you next week

Sumimasen
Excuse me. (for example, when wanting to ask something)
Thank you. (for example, when someone went to a lot of trouble to do something for you, it's like: 'sorry for making you go through that for me' and 'thank you' at the same time)
I'm sorry. (for example, when you did something wrong)
Pardon me. (for example, when wantig to ask something)

Douzo
What you say when offering something

Doumo
What you say when taking something (can also be a compliment: 'you look nice today' 'well thank you')

Ojigi
The bow (for example, when introducing or when the teacher comes into the class you/everyone bow(s))


ASKING AND TELLING TIME
What time is it?

Nan-ji desu ka.

ji = o'clock
fun/pun* = minutes
han = half an hour
(Japanese people do not use quarters, they just say '15 minutes')

Exceptions before starting:
[/b]4 o'clock = yo-ji (not yon-ji)
7 o'clock = shichi-ji (not nana-ji)
9 o'clock = ku-ji (not kyuu-ji)

1:15 = ichi-ji juu-go fun desu. (It is 1 hour, 15 minutes)
4:30 = yo-ji han desu. (It is 4 hour, half an hour)
8:42 = hachi-ji yonjuu-ni fun desu. (eight hour, 42 minutes)
(I'll get back to '~desu' in a later lesson)

*Pun = A pun is also a saying with a double meaning. It's often a (lame) joke. For example: He likes to go for a ride.

_________________
Once I desire something...
I cannot undesire it.
I cannot even try to resist.
I will desire it until I have it.
But there is no end.
No matter how much I take, I still want...

quoted from: Loveless volume 2, 'opening drawing' of chapter 4
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Re: New Lessons #1 (Mixed lesson)

Post  Smurfje on Tue Dec 11, 2007 6:25 pm

Ehmm...1 question ^^
How do you pronounce the "desu" in the sentence "Nan-ji desu ka"?

"He likes to go for a ride."

o.O Is that a joke? Gomen nasai, je ne comprends pas XD
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Re: New Lessons #1 (Mixed lesson)

Post  Nyuka on Wed Dec 12, 2007 11:29 pm

Smurfje wrote:Ehmm...1 question ^^
How do you pronounce the "desu" in the sentence "Nan-ji desu ka"?

"He likes to go for a ride."

o.O Is that a joke? Gomen nasai, je ne comprends pas XD
As for the pun.. It's meant in the complete sexual way XD

Erm.. 'desu' is pronounced the same in every sentence ^^ Wether it's at the back of a sentence or in the middle.
'desu' is pronounced as 'dess'. You do not hear the '-u'

Hope I helped you ^^

_________________
Once I desire something...
I cannot undesire it.
I cannot even try to resist.
I will desire it until I have it.
But there is no end.
No matter how much I take, I still want...

quoted from: Loveless volume 2, 'opening drawing' of chapter 4
avatar
Nyuka
Junishi
Junishi

Female Number of posts : 657
Age : 27
Localisation : yaoi-land
Registration date : 2007-05-18

View user profile http://www.websitemaker.kennisnet.nl/thedragonship

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Re: New Lessons #1 (Mixed lesson)

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